philippine studies about production of soap using lye and alcohol

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Soap Formulation LAB REPORT Pages 1 - 16 - Flip PDF ...- philippine studies about production of soap using lye and alcohol ,Dec 20, 2014·Check Pages 1 - 16 of Soap Formulation LAB REPORT in the flip PDF version. Soap Formulation LAB REPORT was published by nurul_sharodz274 on 2014-12-20. Find more similar flip PDFs like Soap Formulation LAB REPORT. Download Soap Formulation LAB REPORT PDF for free."Old" Soapmaking Instructions with NotesLiquid Soap. Cottonseed oil 4 pounds; coconut oil 11/4 pounds, glycerine 3 pints, alcohol 6 1/2 pints; water 7 pints. Dissolve 1 can of lye in a mixture of 3 1/2 pints each of alcohol and water and heat to 125ºF. Have the oils at 150ºF and add a few ounces of the lye solution, stirring slowly and evenly.



9.2 The Reaction of Biodiesel: Transesterification | EGEE ...

With 100 lbs of fat and 16-20 lbs of alcohol (and 1 lb of catalyst), the reaction will produce 100 lbs of biodiesel and 10 lbs of glycerin. The reaction typically takes place at between 40-65°C. As the reaction temperature goes higher, the rate of reaction will increase, typically 1-2 hours at 60 °C versus 2-4 hours at 40°C.

Saponification - Definition, Saponification Value ...

Saponification is the hydrolysis of an ester to form an alcohol and the salt of a carboxylic acid in acidic or essential conditions. Saponification is usually used to refer to the soap-forming reaction of a metallic alkali (base) with fat or grease. Example: In the presence of conc., ethanoic acid reacts with alcohol.

Glycerol: Production, consumption, prices ...

Nov 01, 2013·Fatty acid is also called soap. Glycerin is extracted from soap with lye—a brine solution that is added to the soap at the saponification stage. ... Most industrial processes in biodiesel production use a 6 to 1 M ratio of alcohol to oil, with an excess of 100% of alcohol in order to ... around 2 ppm and some studies suggest human health risk ...

ATQ14 - SAPONIFICATION HERBAL SOAP-MAKING P ALCANTARA ...

SAPONIFICATION: HERBAL SOAP-MAKING P. ALCANTARA INSTITUTE OF BIOLOGY, COLLEGE OF SCIENCE UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES, DILIMAN, QUEZON CITY 1101, PHILIPPINES DATE SUBMITTED: 10 NOVEMBER 2014 DATE PERFORMED: 06 NOVEMBER 2014 Answers to Questions: 1. Show and briefly discuss the mechanism of saponification. Saponification is the process wherein fats or oils (esters) react …

Lye | Wholesale Lye (Sodium Hydroxide) | Bulk Apothecary

Lye. Buy lye from Bulk Apothecary. We are one of the nation's largest manufacturers and suppliers of pure lye (sodium hydroxide). A lso known as Caustic Soda, Lye is a product that is used in the creation of soap, detergent, paper, textiles and drinking water. It is a chemical base and comes packaged as a white solid.

Frequently Asked Questions on Soap | FDA

When made properly, no lye remains in the finished product. In the past, people commonly made their own soap using animal fats and lye that had been extracted from wood ashes. ...

Experiment 13 - Soap lab (4).docx - Preparation and ...

Preparation and Testing of Soap Soap is one of the oldest chemicals that humankind made and used. Some believe that it was made and used by the Romans as long as 3000 years ago. They cooked potash obtained from the ashes of wood and animal fat to make soap. The French were using soap by 100 AD and by 700AD it had become a craft in Italy. The Spanish used olive oil and wood ashes to make ...

How to Make Soap Out of Guava Leaf Extract for a Science ...

Mar 14, 2011·Unless you're a high-schooler building a nuclear fusion reactor, the hardest part of a science investigatory project often is coming up with a good idea. You want it to be cool yet feasible, novel but still useful. That's why Ai-ni Bautista's science project on making liquid soap infused with guava leaf extract is so perfect — it's fun, easy, and fresh with a very practical outcome.

(PDF) Production and Analysis of Soap using Locally ...

Jul 04, 2016·The use of locally available raw materials in so ap production was carried out. The soap. was prepared using sheabutter oil (SBO), p alm kernel oil (PKO) and plantain peels. T he. physicochemical ...

as disinfected ethyl alcohol discovery

Disinfection: Methods and Uses - Learn Microbiology Online. Ethyl or isopropyl alcohol is non-sporicidal (does not kill spores) and evaporates quickly. Alcohols are best used on the skin as an antiseptic (surgical spirit). Clinical thermometers and small instruments can be disinfected by soaking in …

Lye (Alkalive Substance) Essay - 690 Words

Jan 05, 2013·Lye is valued for its use in food preparation, soap making, biodiesel production, and household uses, such as oven cleaner and drain opener. Canister of solid dry lye. Contents [hide] * 1 Food uses * 2 Safety * 2.1 Hazardous reactions * 2.2 Protection * 2.3 Storage * 3 Soap Making * 4 Notes * 5 References | ---- …

(DOC) SYNTHESIS AND PROPERTIES OF SOAP | Dusengemungu ...

The old soap got a bad name because it had an excessive amount of caustic. Weighing and measuring techniques were crude, and knowledge of soap chemistry was elementary or non-existent. The true fact is that modern handcrafted soap, though necessarily made with lye to get true soap, has no lye in the final product.

(DOC) SYNTHESIS AND PROPERTIES OF SOAP | Dusengemungu ...

The old soap got a bad name because it had an excessive amount of caustic. Weighing and measuring techniques were crude, and knowledge of soap chemistry was elementary or non-existent. The true fact is that modern handcrafted soap, though necessarily made with lye to get true soap, has no lye in the final product.

Evaluation of pH of Bathing Soaps and Shampoos for Skin ...

Normal healthy skin has potential of hydrogen (pH) range of 5.4-5.9 and a normal bacterial flora. Use of soap with high pH causes an increase in skin pH, which in turn causes an increase in dehydrative effect, irritability and alteration in bacterial flora. The majority of soaps and shampoos available in …

Saponification - Definition, Saponification Value ...

Saponification is the hydrolysis of an ester to form an alcohol and the salt of a carboxylic acid in acidic or essential conditions. Saponification is usually used to refer to the soap-forming reaction of a metallic alkali (base) with fat or grease. Example: In the presence of conc., ethanoic acid reacts with alcohol.

Why do we use soap? | Live Science

Mar 05, 2020·Today, there are two techniques that people use to make soap: the cold process and the hot process. In the cold process, a room-temperature lye solution (sodium hydroxide in water) is mixed with ...

Soap History - All About History of Soap Making

Soap History. The first concrete evidence we have of soap-like substance is dated around 2800 BC., the first soap makers were Babylonians, Mesopotamians, Egyptians, as well as the ancient Greeks and Romans. All of them made soap by mixing fat, oils and salts. Soap wasn't made and use for bathing and personal hygiene but was rather produced for ...

Antibacterial potential of malunggay (Moringa oleifera Lam ...

The antibacterial activity of Streptomycin (positive control) was higher compared to that of the alcohol and aqueous root extracts of malunggay in all of the four test organisms. Therefore, this study recommends that a similar study must be conducted using differ. ent extracting …

(DOC) SYNTHESIS AND PROPERTIES OF SOAP | Dusengemungu ...

The old soap got a bad name because it had an excessive amount of caustic. Weighing and measuring techniques were crude, and knowledge of soap chemistry was elementary or non-existent. The true fact is that modern handcrafted soap, though necessarily made with lye to get true soap, has no lye in the final product.

Saponification-The process of Making Soap (Theory) : Class ...

The soap formed remains in suspension form in the mixture. Soap is precipitated as a solid from the suspension by adding common salt to the suspension. This process is called Salting out of Soap. Types of Soap. Depending upon the nature of alkali used in the production of soap, they are classified into two types.

The Origin & History of Soap | Chagrin Valley Soap - Ida's ...

Jun 16, 2014·The Origin and History of Soap Although no one really knows when soap was discovered, there are various legends surrounding its beginning. According to Roman legend, soap was named after Mount Sapo, an ancient site of animal sacrifices.After an animal sacrifice, rain would wash animal fat and ash, that collected under the ceremonial altars, down to the banks of the Tiber River.

Biodiesel production - Wikipedia

Biodiesel production is the process of producing the biofuel, biodiesel, through the chemical reactions of transesterification and esterification.This involves vegetable or animal fats and oils being reacted with short-chain alcohols (typically methanol or ethanol).The alcohols used should be of low molecular weight. Ethanol is the most used because of its low cost, however, greater ...

Soap (Exemplar) - Chemistry LibreTexts

Jul 12, 2021·Soap is a mixture of sodium salts of various naturally occurring fatty acids. Air bubbles added to a molten soap will decrease the density of the soap and thus it will float on water. If the fatty acid salt has potassium rather than sodium, a softer lather is the result. Soap is produced by a saponification or basic hydrolysis reaction of a fat ...

soap and detergent | Chemistry, Uses, Properties, & Facts ...

Jul 30, 2021·Soap and detergent, substances that, when dissolved in water, possess the ability to remove dirt from surfaces such as human skin, textiles, and other solids. The seemingly simple process of cleaning a soiled surface is, in fact, complex. Learn more about soap and detergent in this article.

methad and raw meterial of soap

Soap From Organic Raw Materials - PermaTree- methad and raw meterial of soap ,Mar 30, 2019·At PermaTree, we are using each part of the plant to extract raw materials to make soaps.The seed, the flower, the leaf, the fruit, the peal, the branch, the trunk and the roots. Each element finds a use.

DMT extraction using lye (sodium hydroxide) and naphtha ...

DMT crystals can be obtained from its natural plant sources using a number of chemistry extraction techniques. This article documents the procedure for one of the most common DMT methods, known as the acid-base (A/B) extraction. This technique is commonly recommended to beginners to familiarize themselves with the basics of performing chemical extractions.